Central Victoria is Kulin Nation, this land belongs to the Dja Dja Wurrung or Jaara people. The land of the Dja Dja Wurrung takes in the catchment area for the Loddon, Campaspe and Avoca Rivers in the Riverine region of central/western Victoria. Bendigo is the largest city in Dja Dja Wurrung country. Other cities and towns are Castlemaine, Maldon, Clydesdale, Chewton, Wedderburn, St Arnaud, Maryborough, Boort, and Heathcote.
A complex system of ‘totemism’ is part of the Aboriginal lore that binds the people to the land, the individual to the tribe, the person to their own gender roles within the tribe and even to their future partner. Eagles (Bunjil), crows (waa) and bats are totemic animals that may never be killed or eaten by Jaara Jaara people. These animals are clan totems and form the basis of moiety arrangements designed to prevent inbreeding (so a member of the Crow moiety did not marry a Crow).
Totemism also created balance for all animals, simply because a single species could not be eaten by every member of the tribe and each person’s hunting regime would vary so as to not over-hunt a single species.