The design and layout of a home indicate the era, and even the social trends, in which it was built.
Between 1961 and 1994, the number of occupied dwellings in Australia more than doubled going from 2.8 million to 6.7 million. Changes to occupied dwellings drastically impacted the way homes were built.
In the 1980s, homes were built with cathedral ceilings and exposed rafters, while colonial bars were installed on windows and interiors generally included timber kitchens. Australian homes in the 1990s reflected the increasing population with the trend of large double storeys and separate living zones for parents and children more prevalent.
At the turn of the century, smaller land lots were more prevalent and features were added to facades, such as render. It was during this period that large open plan living areas also grew in popularity, evolving into the current format that is almost a given in all modern home designs.
More attention has also been paid to the materials used in recent years as it is now recognized that poorly designed and constructed homes will result in inefficient energy use contributing to environmental problems.